HTML has been the backbone of the web industry. Together with CSS, HTML has helped most developers create dynamic, robust and good looking websites easily. But what has been truly a revolution and probably the biggest thing to happen to the web is HTML 5. If HTML was all about using a markup language to code web pages, HTML 5 is about taking things to the next obvious step.
For long, HTML developers faced one major problem to code web pages and that is including multimedia elements with ease. Once of the first things that HTML 5 handled was precisely this – today the advanced markup language can be used to integrate multimedia and graphics without using Flash and other third-party plugins. Let us look at more reasons why HTML 5 is the biggest thing to happen to the web –
The need of the day and age is to develop website that are interactive and highly dynamic. HTML 5 allows websites to be so and much more. Social networking sites would not have been so popular had they not been as interactive as they are. Yes, it was possible to make interactive and dynamic websites even before HTML 5 but then the work was more complex. HTML 5 has enabled web developers to shorten the coding process, reduce the use of third-party applications and embed more rich content directly in a single page. HTML 5 introduces a new tag called <canvas>, a drawing tag that adds most interactive and animated objects into a web page. There are several other APIs that further enhance user experience on a site, some of them being Offline Storage Database, Drag and Drop (DnD), Document Editing, Browser History Management and Timed Media Playback.
Earlier it wasn’t possible to differentiate between the different parts of a page but now with HTML 5 headers, footers, navs, aside can easily be distinguished. Readers can also access content easily now. To elaborate it further, the <header> tag is used to indicate information about the content on the page and also allows it to contain other description elements too. The <footer> tag can also be used for a similar purpose. The <nag> tag can now be used to describe the purpose of the page section and primarily include the navigation links. The ability to include micro-data in HTML 5 has further helped in semantically coding pages.
HTML was infamous for its tedious coding procedure and seemingly endless pages of codes. Though CSS helped reduce the codes considerably, it didn’t lessen the pain for the developer. HTML 5 came like a breath of fresh air allowing HTML developers to have cleaner codes while improving the codes widely. However cleaner codes in no way means lesser codes. The codes are substantial just lesser in number. But they allow developers to separate the style from the content easily. An example of clean codes written in HTML 5 is illustrated hence –
The biggest gift that HTML 5 has brought for developers is multimedia support. Now developers can forget all about Flash player, about the tedious process of embedding it into the website and later battling out the heavy files, slower page loads etc. Two new HTML tags, namely, <audio> and <video> has enabled developers to insert video elements effortlessly without having to worry about the increased file size, height, width et al. All these attributes can simply be defined with elements such as <video src=”url” width=”500px” height=280px” autoplay/>. Really simple!
Smartphones, tablets have literally swept the market compelling developers to make websites that work on multiple platforms. The advanced markup language makes to possible to get responsive designs and use Meta tags for optimizing a site for mobile viewing. Some of the Meta tags that make sites mobile-friendly are Viewport, Full Screen browsing (iOS specific) and Home Screen Icons.
There is no denying that HTML 5 is the future. If you haven’t started using it yet, there can be no better time than now! You can be rest assured that HTML 5 isn’t tough, maybe just a little advanced but if you are used to HTML, then HTML 5 won’t be difficult.
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