Node.js vs. Golang: Who Will Win The Race of Backend Development?

Node.js and Golang are two open-source platforms that can be used to create powerful web apps, games, and other web tools, but which one should you choose? 

Both Node.js and Golang framework have their strengths and weaknesses, so it’s critical to find out their differences before deciding.

This article breaks down the main differences between Node.js vs. Golang and helps you decide which platform to use on your next project.

Node.js – An Overview

It is a powerful JavaScript-based platform that enables developers to easily create fast and scalable network applications. Node.js applications are event-driven, making them highly scalable & efficient. 

Moreover, it is a perfect platform for data-intensive real-time applications that require low latency and high throughputs, such as chatbots, online gaming, and live video streaming. It is an open-source, cross-platform runtime environment that helps in developing server-side & networking applications. 

Node.js apps are written in JavaScript language. It can run within the Node.js runtime on OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, NonStop, IBM AIX, HPE NonStop, and IBM z/OS. 

Moreover, it also provides a rich library of various JavaScript modules that simplifies the development of web applications using Node.js.

Also Read: Angular vs Node.JS

Features

Node.js is fast and scalable. Its applications are event-driven and can be easily programmed to efficiently handle large amounts of data and traffic. It is perfect for real-time applications such as chatbots, online gaming, and live video streaming. It is an easy-to-use platform. 

Node.js is an open-source runtime environment, and you can get started with Node.js development easily using the Node package manager (npm). Node.js also has a large and supportive community that can help you in your development journey.

Also Watch This Video on Node.js vs. Golang:

 Node.js’ Notable Features 

Nodejs

 

Asynchronous and Event-Driven

All APIs of Node.js is asynchronous, that is, non-blocking. It essentially means a Node.js-based server never waits for an API to return data. The server moves to the next API after calling it, and a notification mechanism of Events of Node.js helps the server get a response from the previous API call. 

So, it makes Node.js highly scalable, as it can process a high number of requests without waiting for an API to return data.

Single-Threaded but Highly Scalable

Node.js uses a single-threaded model with event looping. The event mechanism helps the server respond in a non-blocking way and makes the server highly scalable. Node.js uses the concept of the observer pattern. 

The node creates a small task and adds it to the event table when an API is called. Whenever an event occurs, its corresponding function gets executed. So, Node utilizes all the CPU cores available, making Node.js highly scalable.


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Fast

Node.js is built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript Engine, making it fast.

Supports WebSockets

Node.js supports web sockets and two-way communication between the server and the client. Node.js uses the WS module for supporting web sockets.

Node Package Manager (npm)

npm is a package manager for JavaScript, and it gets installed automatically with Node. It consists of open-source libraries available in the npm repository. npm makes it easy to install and manage Node packages.

Intuitive and Easy to Use

Node.js comes with many built-in modules, making it easy to develop applications. The modules provide all the necessary functionality, from file system to networking, making Node.js intuitive and easy to use.

Rich Ecosystem

Node.js has a rich ecosystem with a vast number of modules and tools available that makes Node.js development efficient and fast. Some of the popular tools are Express.js, Socket.IO, Passport.js, etc.

Open Source

Node.js is released under the MIT license. Node.js is an open-source platform, and hence, it is free to use. Also, Node.js has an extensive developer community, which is constantly working on improving Node.js and adding new features to it.

Note: If you want to hire Node.js developers to build a web app for your business, look no further than ValueCoders. With over 17+ years of experience in building high-quality web applications, our team of Node.js developers can help you make a scalable Golang suitable for the backend?le, real-time application for your business. Contact us!

Best Node.js Usecases to Consider in the War of Node.js vs. Golang

Node.js Usecases

Some Of The Best Use Cases For Node.js Include

  1. Web Applications: Node.js builds highly scalable and real-time web applications. Examples of popular web applications built with Node.js include Netflix, LinkedIn, and eBay.
  2. Mobile Apps: Node.js can develop cross-platform mobile apps using tools like React Native or Apache Cordova.
  3. Microservices: Node.js is best for developing microservices due to its lightweight nature and ability to handle large amounts of data.
  4. IoT: Node.js builds applications for the Internet of Things (IoT). Its event-driven architecture makes it ideal for real-time handling of data from devices.
  5. Robotics: Node.js can control robots and other physical devices using frameworks like Cylon.js and johnny-Five. )

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Golang framework- An Overview

  • It is also known as Go and is a programming language created by Google. Golang is a statically typed, compiled language with syntax similar to C. 
  • Golang was designed with systems programming in mind. It has features and characteristics that make it well-suited for writing code that needs to run quickly and efficiently. 
  • Golang’s focus on speed and efficiency makes it an attractive choice for writing code for things like network servers and command-line tools. Golang is also becoming increasingly popular for writing web applications.
  • One of the things that makes Golang attractive for web development is its ease of use. Golang’s standard library includes everything you need to start building web applications. Golang’s syntax is clean and easy to read, and Golang’s standard library has all the tools you need to get started. 

Hence, the Golang framework is also swift, and it can handle a lot of traffic without slowing down.


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Features

Golang is a compiled, statically typed language created by Google. It is similar to C in syntax and semantics but with some crucial differences. Golang was an efficient, reliable, and concurrent programming language.

Notable Features Of Golang

why golang

Concurrency

Golang’s concurrency model is based on goroutines, which are lightweight threads of execution. Goroutines can be used to run multiple tasks concurrently.

Memory safety

Golang is a memory-safe language. Hence, it is not possible to write programs that will cause memory leaks or buffer overflows.

Garbage collection

Golang framework has a garbage collector that reclaims memory from unused objects. This helps keep program memory usage low and helps prevent memory leaks.

Fast compile times

Golang programs compile quickly, even large programs. This makes it suitable for developing large applications.

Cross-platform

Golang develops applications for multiple platforms, including Linux, macOS, and Windows. Golang programs can also be run on various architectures, including x86, ARM, and PowerPC.

Open-source

Golang is an open-source programming platform with a permissive license. This means that the Golang language is best for various applications, from commercial software to open source projects.

Must Note: If you’re looking for a programming language between Node.js vs. Golang that is fast, efficient, and easy to use, Golang is a great choice. Moreover, you can hire dedicated Golang developers in India from ValueCoders, a leading Golang development company to date. 

Also Read: PHP vs. Node.JS : Which Is Better For Backend Development?

Best Golang Use Cases: What’s Possible With Go?

golang usecases

  •  Creating web applications: Golang is an excellent choice for creating web applications. It has a powerful built-in library, which makes it easy to develop complex web applications.
  • Developing system tools: Golang develops system tools such as command-line utilities and daemons. Its simple syntax and robust libraries make it an ideal choice for this purpose.
  •  Building large-scale distributed systems: Golang builds large-scale distributed systems. Its concurrency features make it easy to write code that can run efficiently on multiple cores.
  • Creating cross-platform applications: Golang framework creates cross-platform applications that run on multiple operating systems. This is possible because Golang compiles into native binaries for different platforms.
  • Writing command-line utilities: Golang is ideal for writing command-line utilities. Its simple syntax and robust libraries make it easy to develop these kinds of applications.

These are just some of the best Golang use cases. There are many other exciting ways in which Golang works efficiently. So if you are looking for a universal language for a wide range of applications, then Golang is worth considering.

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When Should You Choose Each One Over The Other In The War Of Node.js Vs. Golang?

The short answer is that it depends on your project. At first glance, they may seem similar: both are open-source (you can see their entire codebases on GitHub), and both have a great deal of support and community growth. 

While all of these things do matter, there are many reasons why you might choose one over another, depending on your specific application and needs.

Here’s a look at some of the considerations to think about when choosing one framework over another in the war of Node.js vs. Golang

There are many parameters to consider when comparing Node.js and Golang. Some of the most important ones include performance, scalability, ease of use, learning curve, and community support.

In terms of performance, Node.js is generally faster than the Golang framework. This is due to Node’s event-driven architecture, which allows it to handle concurrent tasks more efficiently. Golang is also a swift language, but its concurrency model can sometimes lead to lower overall performance.

Scalability is another important consideration when comparing these two languages. Node.js is highly scalable due to its asynchronous nature, which allows it to handle large numbers of concurrent connections with relative ease. Golang is also scalable, but its concurrent model can sometimes make it more challenging to scale up.

Ease of use is another crucial difference between Node.js and Golang. Node.js is typically more user-friendly due to its syntax and overall simplicity. Golang is a more complex language, but its strict type system and verbose syntax can actually make it easier to write code that is less error-prone.

The learning curve is another essential factor to consider when comparing Node.js and Golang. Node.js is generally easier to learn due to its popularity and extensive documentation. Golang is a more complex language, but its clear syntax and comprehensive standard library can make it easier to understand for experienced developers.

Community support is another critical difference between these two languages. Node.js has a large and active community, with many resources available for learning and troubleshooting. Golang also has a strong community, but it is smaller and less busy than NodeJS.

Related: Top Object-Oriented Programming Languages

Node.js vs. Golang: The Final Verdict

The question of whether to use Node.js or Golang for your next project depends mainly on how comfortable you are with JavaScript (Node) and how much control you want over your backend logic (Go). 

Node.js allows developers to write server-side applications in JavaScript. If you’re looking to build a hybrid web/mobile app and aren’t very familiar with Javascript, it might be best to go with the Golang framework and avoid potential issues like version incompatibility between frontend and backend frameworks.

Both languages have unique features that will draw different developers to each of them, but at some point, you’ll need to choose a language for a project. These three benchmarks will give you a better idea of which technology is best for your next project:

  1. Time-to-market
  2. General complexity 
  3. Scalability

For example, if you’re working on an app that needs to launch quickly or has a small team behind it, Node.js is a preferred choice over Go. If you’re working with large data sets or building something scalable, Go may suit more than Node.js. It all depends on what your application needs to succeed—and both are excellent options for building web applications.

Finally, if you want a high-level language that will allow you to write a lot of code quickly (and run it fast), then Node.js might be suitable for you. On the other hand, if performance is more important than sheer speed (for example, if your application will be serving up web pages or API calls), Go might be a better choice.

Related: Top 10 Advantages of Using NodeJS

Conclusion

So, in the war of “Node.js vs. Golang,” which language is better for your business growth? 

The answer is simple: It depends on your specific needs.

If you need a language that is easy to learn and has a large ecosystem of libraries and tools, Node.js may be the better option. However, if you need a language that is more efficient and can handle concurrency well, Golang may be the better choice. Ultimately, the decision comes down to what your business needs to grow and succeed.

If you’re not sure for “Node.js vs. Golang” which language to choose, our team of experts can help you make the right decision for your business. Contact us today to learn more about Node.js and Golang framework and find out which language is suitable for your business needs.


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FAQs

Is Golang easier than node?

Golang and Node.js, both programming languages, allow you to create network applications. They have different features, so it really depends on what you need for your application.

Google created Golang in 2009 and is a popular language now. It is easy to learn and fast to execute. It has a syntax similar to C++, making it a good choice for web development. 

On the other hand, Node is an older language that was created in 2009 by Ryan Dahl. It delivers asynchronous programming and scalability. Node has become popular with developers because of its ability to handle large traffic.

Will Golang replace NodeJS in the war of “Node.js vs. Golang”?

There is no simple answer to this question. Golang and NodeJS are both popular programming languages used for developing web applications.

Golang has some advantages over NodeJS. For example, Golang is statically typed, while NodeJS is dynamically typed. This means that in Golang, you need to specify the type of every variable, while in NodeJS, you do not. This can make code development and maintenance easier in Golang.

However, NodeJS has a larger community of developers and more libraries available than Golang. So it may be easier to find help or find a library to solve a specific problem in NodeJS than in Golang.

Does Golang have a future?

There is no doubt that Golang has a bright future. It is becoming more popular every day and adopted by some of the significant companies known globally, such as Uber, Netflix, and Google.

Golang’s popularity helps in leveraging many benefits. It is a fast, lightweight language that is easy to learn and powerful enough to meet the needs of modern web applications. In addition, it has excellent support for concurrent programming and can take advantage of multicore processors. go-lang-future-golang-vs-node

Overall, Golang is an excellent choice for developing web applications, and its popularity will continue to grow in the future.

Which is faster, Golang or NodeJS?

Since the performance of Golang and NodeJS depends on various factors, such as the type of application you’re building, the hardware it’s running on, etc. So, there is no definitive answer to this question.

In general, Golang is much faster than NodeJS. Golang is a compiled language, while NodeJS is an interpreted language. This means that Golang code generally runs faster than NodeJS code. 

Additionally, Golang uses a concurrent programming model, which can further improve performance. Lastly, the Go team has focused on performance from day one, which has led to the development of many efficient libraries and tools.

Is Golang suitable for the backend?

Golang is excellent for backend development because it offers high performance, scalability, and reliability. It also has a concise syntax that makes code easy to read and write. 

Additionally, Golang has become quite popular in recent years, so there’s a large online community of developers who can offer support when needed.

 

Node.js vs. Golang: Who Will Win The Race of Backend Development?

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