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After working on hundreds of software development projects, I observed that each had problems regarding object-oriented programming, domain, architecture, encapsulation, inheritance, abstraction, and polymorphism.

Here I would like to say that these problems weren’t just challenging and made my job tedious. Every time I had to make sure that I didn’t miss anything, no errors, correct coding conventions, etc. What are object-oriented programming languages?

I face many difficulties with object-oriented programming, so I became obsessed with seeking a solution. This post aims to introduce the mix of tools and programming languages I found to solve those issues.

Let’s first discuss the issues most developers face, including myself and others.

Problems I Face While Coding With Object-Oriented Programming Languages List

As you know, the programming task is pretty challenging. However, the developers manage to express that idea in our code. But let’s also face reality. While developing software or application, some basic difficulties I face are miscommunications with the development team. Technical issues that slow my work are legacy codes, scaling of codes, and tricky codes kicking away my ideas are some of the consistent problems.

Too big data completely ruin the coding, but I stay generous and assume that this data will produce some significant results. Managing this big data may end up with code that slows down your entire development process.

Multithreading issues are quite annoying because when they don’t work, it’s complete chaos for programmers. Those unpredictable results, testing complications, difficulty in identifying coding errors, complications in porting existing code, etc., all add to my problem.

Closures in Java, Python, and Ruby are the major difficulties for programmers. I often can’t figure out the issue in the code which makes it close and where the boundaries of closure are in a particular code.

In custom software development services, correct coding and user-centricity aren’t the options – they are the priority. You have to know what a user wants. Ultimately, the end-user will use your software solution. However, the user should know the programming language and tools needed to accomplish the project. And that’s where object-oriented logic comes into play. Do you still don’t get it?

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Object-Oriented Programming Languages: A Brief

Object-oriented programming is a popular approach to modeling and solving complex tasks. Java, C# & Scala are all examples of major languages that use this style for writing programs on computers; we can see its advantages below as well as some disadvantages based on these successes.

Advantage Of Object-Oriented Programming Languages (OOP)


Utilizing classes will increase the re-usability of your code, as you can write once and utilize it countless times.


Heredity is a valuable characteristic for certain things, like if you require the same capability in numerous classes. For example I could create an everyday object and inherit it from subclasses with different abilities- this would allow me access to all their specialties.

Simple to Maintain

Maintaining and altering old code is easy since new components may be generated with minor modifications from current systems.


When relevant data is hidden and encapsulated, it can be presented in a way that ensures information security.

Disadvantages Of Object-Oriented Programming Languages (OOP)


Object-oriented systems are much more significant than other kinds of applications.


When programmers create object-oriented programs, they must put in a lot of work.


The vastness of the object-oriented design software means it is quicker than other types.

Come to Google Search Trends for the top Object-oriented programming languages:

oop languages
Img src: Google Trends
  • Python
  • Java
  • Go
  • Ruby
  • C++

Simply put, presenting here the list of top object-oriented programming languages to follow in 2024 with detailed information.

Here is the Full Concept of Object-Oriented Programming

Object-oriented programming languages enable programmers to work as if they are working with real-life entities. In OOP, objects can store various methods in knowledge, data, and state. Every object in object-oriented programming has its copy of the instance variables:


From the software development perspective, encapsulation makes developers quickly understand and reuse the code in other application development projects.


It is a key element of good software design. Abstraction makes your application easily extendable on any platform.


A significant feature of object-oriented programming enables programmers to write programs that are easier to create and reuse in other projects.

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It makes coding more flexible, resulting in a better code organization in simple and smaller units.

Other advantages of object-oriented programming languages are you can use it to kinds of web applications for thorough data analysis, less development time, accurate coding, easy testing, reusability, debugging, less data corruption, and maintenance. For less complicated applications, OOP languages offer ease and transparency. Something that can make coding difficult for programmers is analyzing the right OOP language for the development process.

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Top 5 Object-Oriented Programming Languages

Java oop

Top Object oriented programming languages

Java is much more than just a high-level programming language. It is the most popular object-oriented programming language for enterprise-grade application development. With Java, developers have everything they need to build web applications and software solutions at their fingertips.

Why is Java on my list of top Object-oriented programming languages?

Java’s motto, “Written once, run anywhere,” makes it powerful, portable, and scalable enough to build Java web systems and applications. Java has an excellent development ecosystem that only a few languages have.

In object-oriented programming, Java is nearly 100% of the concept. It offers all the benefits of high-level object-oriented programming languages with modular software, flexibility, extensibility, and an easy development process.

Java libraries, and frameworks, makes Java easily readable on all the platforms it is running on. Also, JVM (Java Virtual Machine) is the core concept of the high-level programming language that executes, loads, and verifies Java code.

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Top Object oriented programming languages, programming languages list, Golang programming language

Go is new in the list of top object-oriented programming languages. Developed by Google in 2007, there is a lot of discussion about whether Go is an object-oriented programming language.

I want to clarify that the Go programming language doesn’t have anything like an object or class but has some analogous structures. So, to a certain point, I can say Go is one of the most popular object-oriented programming languages.

Why is Golang on my list of top object-oriented programming languages?

Here’s an example of Object-Oriented Programming in Golang:

type Bird struct {
Name string
mean bool

type Sparrow struct {
Basics Bird
ChirpsStrength int

type Parrot struct {
ChirpsStrength int

Here you can see three structs that you can see in any object-oriented programming example. We have a base struct here, the bird, and two other structs under the base struct (sparrow, parrot ).

I would like to say that Go took the best part of the object-oriented programming language. So, leave out the rest and get the benefit of writing polymorphic code in Golang.

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Read More: Guide for choosing the Best Mobile App Development Languages


Top Object-Oriented Programming Languages To Follow

Python codes are not fully object-oriented, but the language supports them. It ties together with the concept of object-oriented programming with its combination of readability and flexibility to create complex data science operations.

No doubt, it is one of the most loved programming languages of the year, according to the Stack Overflow survey. It is object-oriented, cross-platform, and has extensive libraries, including Django, Theano, TensorFlow, Scikit-Learn, Keras, PyTorch & Pandas.

Why is Python on my list of top object-oriented programming languages?

What will you do when you need to add something complex to your Python application? How would you know which element is supposed to be there in your application development? What if you had 1000s of birds? Do you have information regarding the birds’ name, type, and color?

Classes can solve all these in Python, which defines data structures about something specific.

See how to define a class in Python

class Bird:

Here you can also use Instance attributes to define characteristics:
lass Bird:

# Initializer / Instance Attributes
def __init__(self, type, color):
self.type = type
self.color = color

I hope you have some clarity now on why Python is an OOP language. It works on the concept of object-oriented programming fundamentals. And will be valuable to you in a variety of Python app development circumstances.

For further explanation of Python development, I recommend that you consult a python web development company to design your next app.

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what is object oriented programming

C-based languages are not object-oriented. However, it is possible to write object-oriented code in C, C++, and Object C. Here I am going to talk about C++ as an OOP language. C++ is a powerful high-level programming language that can interface with nearly every language. Programmers love C++ for its pointers that simplify code by creating “address” in the space where the coding data exists.

With all these features and capabilities C++ won many hearts. However, let me make it clear that C++’s major purpose was introducing the concept of object-oriented programming, which includes concepts such as data binding, inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and encapsulation.

The OOP concept in C++ allows you to add real-world features to your application. You can also create Classes and Objects as you want to use them.

Here is an example of adding Classes and Objects:

//Class name is Automobile
class Automobile
//Data members
char name[20];
int speed;
int performance;

void brake(){
void slowDown(){

int main()
//honda is an object
Automobile honda; 

Here we have a class Automobile which has data members that are also called variables such as speed, performance, price, and functions such as slowDown(), brake(). Thus, with C++ object-oriented programming capabilities, you can build programs using the classes, and objects that save your development time and give you higher productivity.


Ruby is a pure OOP language that works on objects. All values in Ruby are objects. It makes more sense to call Ruby an efficient and high-level programming language. Codes in Ruby are designed for the developer’s happiness.

On top of all this, Ruby is a powerful and versatile programming language emphasizing openness. It’s an open-source, interpretive OOP that was designed with simplicity and thoroughness from its inception – not only does it have staying power and extends easily to new areas or systems where you want your code beyond just what can fit on one page.

Let’s see how objects create in Ruby:

class Bike def initialize(name, color) @name = name @color = color end
def get_info "Name: #{@name}, and Color: #{@color}" endend
my_bike ="Apache", "Blue")puts my_bike.get_info

In the code above, we have a class named Bike with two methods initialize and get info. The best part here is that the variables in Ruby are not declared initially.

Further coding steps in Ruby will include accessing data, class Methods and class variables, class inheritance, modules, and scope of constants. Contact dedicated industry developers to work for you for more info and help on Ruby’s application development.


C# is a high-level programming language that Microsoft developed in 2000. Designed for the .NET revolution and initiative, C sharp can be used to develop desktop applications with GUIs or games if needed.

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PHP is a popular programming language designed for web development and can be used along with HTML/CSS. Developed by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995, this innovative OS has been one of the most widely-used languages worldwide.


TypeScript is a language that compiles into JavaScript. It provides optional static typing, interfaces, and classes with the syntactical additions to make large-scale applications function correctly in addition, it allows you to write files for both browsers or engines like Node without any problems whatsoever.

With TypeScript, you can write code faster and with fewer errors. It also provides an alternate syntax for constructors and destructors, making it easier to identify objects by name since they are always written first in the literal object! And because its open-source nature allows developers all over this great big world of ours access greatness on their terms, no matter where or when it’ll be adopted quickly into existing projects without anyone being left behind.

Summing Up

With all this information, I am ending this post. Knowing about these top object-oriented programming languages to follow in 2024, you can go deeper and learn more about them by building applications and software solutions.

While deciding on the best object-oriented programming language, remember that you don’t invest time learning said materials. This way, you’ll never make a decision. Find a reliable full-stack application development company to help you work on the right programming language, and you’ll do just fine.

Top Object-Oriented Programming Languages To Follow

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