Top Object-Oriented Programming Languages To Follow in 2022 (Updated List)

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After working on hundreds of development projects, I observed each of them had problems regarding object-oriented programming, domain, architecture, encapsulation, inheritance, abstraction, and polymorphism. Here I would like to say that these problems weren’t just challenging, but also made my job tedious. Every time I had to make sure that I didn’t miss anything, no errors, correct coding conventions, etc. What are object-oriented programming languages?

I face a lot of difficulties with object-oriented programming, so I became obsessed with seeking a solution. That’s the goal of this post to introduce that mix of tools and programming languages that I found to solve those issues. Let’s first discuss the issues faced by most developers, including myself and other developers:

Problems I Face While Coding With Object-Oriented Programming Languages List

As you know the programming task is pretty challenging. However, we developers manage to express that idea in our code. But let’s also face the reality. While developing software or application some basic difficulties that I face are miscommunications with the development team. Technical issues that slow my work are legacy codes, scaling of codes, and tricky codes kick away my ideas are some of the consistent problems.

Too big data completely ruin the coding, but I stay generous and assume that this data will produce some significant results. Managing this big data may end up with code that slows down your entire development process.

Multithreading issues are quite annoying because when they don’t work, it’s complete chaos for programmers. Those unpredictable results, testing complications, difficulty in identifying coding errors, complications in porting existing code, etc. all add up to my problem.

Closures in Java, Python, and Ruby are the major sources of difficulties for programmers. I many times can’t figure out what is the issue in the code which makes it close and where are the boundaries of closure in a particular code.

In Custom software development services, correct coding and user-centricity aren’t the options – they are the priority. You have to know what a user wants. Ultimately, the end-user will use your software solution. However, the user should know what programming language and tools they need to accomplish the project. And that’s where object-oriented logic comes into play. Do you still didn’t get it?

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Here is the Full Concept of Object-Oriented Programming

Object-oriented programming languages enable programmers to work in a manner as they are working with real-life entities. In OOP, objects can store various methods in the form of knowledge, data, and state. Every object in object-oriented programming has its copy of the instance variables:


From the software development perspective, encapsulation makes developers quickly understand the code and reuse the code in other application development projects.


It is a key element of good software design. Abstraction makes your application easily extendable on any platform.


A significant feature of object-oriented programming that enables programmers to write programs that are easier to create and reuse in other projects.


It makes coding more flexible that tends to result in a better organization of code in simple and smaller units.

Other advantages of object-oriented programming languages are you can use it to kinds of web applications for thorough data analysis, less development time, accurate coding, easy testing, reusability, debugging, less data corruption, and maintenance. For less complicated applications, OOP languages offer ease and transparency. Something that can make coding difficult for programmers is to analyze the right OOP language for the development process.

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Come to Google Search Trends for the top Object-oriented programming languages, the period from June 2018 – May 2019. oop

Top Object oriented programming languages, what is object oriented programming, object oriented programming languages

  • Python
  • Java
  • Go
  • Ruby
  • C++

To simply this, presenting here the list of top object-oriented programming languages to follow in 2021 with detailed information.

Also Read: Top Programming Trends To Look For In 2021

Top 5 Object-Oriented Programming Languages oop – object-oriented programming languages

1) Java oop

Top Object oriented programming languages

Java is much more than just a high-level programming language. It is the most popular object-oriented programming language for enterprise-grade application development. With Java, developers have everything at their fingertips that they need to build web applications and software solutions.

Why is Java on my list of top Object-oriented programming languages? oop

It is because of Java’s motto “Written once, run anywhere” that makes it is powerful, portable, and scalable enough to build Java web systems and applications. Java has an excellent development ecosystem that only a few languages have.

When talking about the concept of object-oriented programming, Java is close to 100% of the concept. It offers all the benefits of high-level object-oriented programming languages with modular software, flexibility, extensibility, and an easy development process.

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Java libraries, frameworks, makes Java easily readable on all the platforms it is running on. Also, JVM (Java Virtual Machine) is the core concept of the high-level programming language that executes, loads, and verifies Java code.

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Read More:

  1. Java vs .Net vs Python: Which Is Best?

  2. Python Vs Java: Which Is Best For Your Business App Development?

2) Golang oop

Top Object oriented programming languages, programming languages list, Golang programming language

Go is new in the list of top object-oriented programming languages. Developed by Google in 2007, there is a lot of discussion going around whether Go is an object-oriented programming language or not.

I want to make it clear that the Go programming language doesn’t have anything like an object or class, but it has some analogous structures. So, to a certain point, I can say Go is one of the popular most object-oriented programming languages.

Why is Golang on my list of top object-oriented programming languages?

Here’s an example of Object-Oriented Programming in Golang:

type Bird struct {
Name string
mean bool

type Sparrow struct {
Basics Bird
ChirpsStrength int

type Parrot struct {
ChirpsStrength int

Here you can see three structs that you can see in any object-oriented programming example. We have a base struct here the bird and two other structs under the base struct (sparrow, parrot ).

Here I would like to say that Go took the best part of the object-oriented programming language. So, leave out the rest of the things and get the benefit of writing polymorphic code in Golang.

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Read More: Guide for choosing the Best Mobile App Development Languages

3) Python

Python codes are not fully object-oriented but the language supports them. Python ties together with the concept of object-oriented programming with its combination of readability, flexibility to create complex data science operations.

No doubt, Python is one of the most loved programming languages of the year according to the Stack Overflow survey. It is object-oriented, cross-platform, and comes with an extensive set of libraries including Django, Theano, TensorFlow, Scikit-Learn, Keras, PyTorch & Pandas.

Why is Python on my list of top object-oriented programming languages?

When you need to add something complex to your Python application, what will you do? How would you know which element is supposed to be there in your application development? What if you had 1000s of birds? Do you have information regarding the name, type, and color of the birds?

Classes can solve all these in Python that defines data structures about something specific.

See, how to define a class in Python

class Bird:

Here you can also use Instance attributes to define characteristics:
lass Bird:

# Initializer / Instance Attributes
def __init__(self, type, color):
self.type = type
self.color = color

I hope you have some clarity now on why Python is an OOP language. It works on the concept of object-oriented programming fundamentals. And, will be valuable to you in a variety of Python app development circumstances.

For further explanation of Python development, I recommend that you consult a python web development company to design your next app.

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4) C++

what is object oriented programming

C-based languages are not object-oriented. However, it is possible to write object-oriented code in C, C++, and Object C. Here I am going to talk about C++ as an OOP language. C++ is a powerful high-level programming language that can interface with nearly every programming language. Programmers love C++ for its pointers that simplify code by creating “address” in the space where the coding data exists.

With all these features and capabilities C++ won many hearts. However, let me make it clear that C++’s major purpose was introducing the concept of object-oriented programming that includes concepts such as data binding, inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and encapsulation.

The OOP concept in C++ provides the ability to add real-world features to your application. You can also create Classes and Objects as you want to use them.

Here is an example of adding Classes and Objects:

//Class name is Automobile
class Automobile
//Data members
char name[20];
int speed;
int performance;

void brake(){
void slowDown(){

int main()
//honda is an object
Automobile honda; 

Here we have a class Automobile which has data members that are also called variables such as speed, performance, price, and functions such as slowDown(), brake(). Thus, with C++ object-oriented programming capabilities you can build programs using the classes, objects that save your development time and give you higher productivity.

5) Ruby

Ruby is a pure OOP language that works on objects. All values in Ruby are the objects. It makes more sense to call Ruby an efficient and high-level programming language. Codes in Ruby are designed for the developer’s happiness.

On top of all this, Ruby is easy to use with its framework like Ruby on Rails which will allow you to develop web applications by leveraging the collection of pre-existing code. This means, instead of creating an entirely new application on Ruby from scratch level, you can use pre-existing codes to create what you want to code.

Let’s see how objects create in Ruby:

class Bike def initialize(name, color) @name = name @color = color end
def get_info "Name: #{@name}, and Color: #{@color}" endend
my_bike ="Apache", "Blue")puts my_bike.get_info

In the code above, we have a class named Bike with two methods initialize and get info. The best part here is that the variables in Ruby are not declared initially.

Further steps of coding in Ruby will include accessing data, class Methods and class variables, class inheritance, modules, and scope of constants. For more info and help on application development on Ruby, contact dedicated developers of the industry to work for you.

Summing Up

With all this information I am ending this post. Now knowing about these top object-oriented programming languages to follow in 2021 you can go deeper and learn more about them by building applications and software solutions.

While deciding on the best object-oriented programming language, remember that you don’t invest time learning said materials. This way you’ll never make a decision. Find a reliable full-stack application development company that can help you to work on the right programming language, and you’ll do just fine.


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